Tag Archives: SGE International Board

SGE Chairman: China Should Become First Class International Gold Market

Below is the full translation of a Chinese article I’ve used in a previous post on the Shanghai Gold Exchange international board. The article is about a speech from SGE chairman Xu Luodo at the Fourth Commercial Bank Gold Investment Forum where he spoke about the SGE international board.

It’s a must read because Xu clearly states he is developing the SGE from a domestic to an international gold exchange for China to have a stronger voice in gold pricing – and stimulate the internationalization of the renminbi. Xu Luode has long been engaged in the practice of financial reform and development, he has a wealth of experience and deep theoretical knowledge. A short biography:

1983, Xu Luode graduated in economics at the Hunan University (the oldest institution in Chinese history, founded in 976 AD).

1983 to 1996, Xu worked at the China Banknote Printing and Minting Corporation, that carries out the minting of all renminbi coins and printing of renminbi banknotes for the People’s Republic of China.

1996 to 2003, Xu served as general director at the People’s Bank of China (PBOC).

2003 to 2007, Xu served at the People’s Bank of China Payment and Settlement Division.

2007 to 2013, Xu was president of China UnionPay, a bankcard association established under the approval of the State Council and the People’s Bank of China, where he gained experience to internationalize a Chinese financial institution. China UnionPay is one of the world leaders in payment services, reaching 3.5 billion people in over 30 countries.

October 2013, Xu was appointed as the chairman of the SGE and vice president of the China Gold Association. In December 2013 he announced the SGE international board.

According to this article Xu also currently holds a position at the China Society For Finance And Banking, China Numismatic Society and the Payment And Clearing Association of China.

Very important about this translation is the part where Xu points out that in 2013 Chinese mines produced 428 tonnes of gold and China net imported 1540 tonnes, adding up to nearly 2000 tonnes. This is exactly in line with the amount of total supply (/demand) at the SGE that year: 2197 tonnes. The 229 tonnes gap has been filled by scrap supply. With this statement Xu confirms that SGE withdrawals equal wholesale demand. (read this for a full analysis of the Chinese gold market)

Dai op SGE
December 2013. Left: Dai Xianglong, PBOC governor from 1995 until 2002, the man who initiated the reform of the Chinese gold market during the tenth five year plan. Right: Xu Luode, SGE chairman.

Translated by Soh Tiong Hum:

Xu Luode: China Should Become First Class International Gold Market

2014/5/16

Author: Lilin Xu | Source: China Gold Network

May 15 , Speaking at the “Fourth Commercial Bank Gold Investment Forum” in Hangzhou, Xu Luode, Chairman of the Shanghai Gold Exchange said the Chinese gold market is an important force, a positive energy in the international gold market but its influence does not correspond to its mass and scale. Therefore to accelerate the development of China’s gold market, he proposed building China’s “Shanghai Gold”.

Commenting on China’s voice in the international gold market, Xu Luode said that the right to price gold now lies in the West, namely New York and London. New York prices gold through bidding whereas gold price is fixed by five banks in London. However the London gold fixing price is now being questioned since these five banks are price-fixers while at the same time they are also the market’s most important participants.

Xu pointed out that the current gold market, especially the physical gold market is actually in the East, mainly in China. Last year China’s own gold-enterprises produced 428 tons; at the same time China imported 1,540 tons of gold, adding up to nearly 2,000 tons. China’s import volume is significant but China’s influence in the gold price is very small. Although influence was visible last year, real influence still lies in the West. Data such as Non-farm payroll, even a speech could impact the gold market in a big way. In this sense, the mass and scale of China’s gold market and its voice and influence in the international gold market do not match, so it should speed up the development of China’s gold market.

Xu pointed out that the development of China’s gold market should not be limited to an increase in scale, it also needs market development, product improvement, system development and risk prevention. Marketing, pricing mechanisms and international standards are all very important building blocks so every aspect of China’s gold market should join forces to speed up development.

Touching on the Shanghai Gold Exchange, Xu said the exchange has nearly 8,000 institutional investors and nearly 5 million individual investors.

As for Shanghai Gold Exchange’s future direction and potential, Xu said that there should be more and more investors to participate in the Shanghai Gold Exchange platform. Along with China’s economic development and growing personal wealth, the rising middle class wants to invest in capital markets, make financial investments, attend to wealth planning and also want to invest in the gold market. This is a judgment based on the general trend. Therefore the Shanghai Gold Exchange must grow to accommodate more domestic investors participating in the gold market, for example growing from the current 5 million investors to 6 million, 7 million, 8 million or even more. Key issues are marketing, sales, sufficient investor education and plentiful products.

Xu suggested that a platform such as the Shanghai Gold Exchange should be internationalized. Compared to international exchanges, the number of domestic exchanges is relatively few so the emergence of the Shanghai Gold Exchange was well received from all quarters; approved by the regulatory body, supported by the industry and acknowledged by society.

Xu said the Shanghai Gold Exchange is actively preparing for internationalization this year. Of course, the specific meaning of internationalization is to allow overseas investors to invest through the Shanghai Gold Exchange platform and to trade gold quoted in RMB.

Xu said that other currencies can be used as margin for transactions. Shanghai Gold Exchange will become an international platform with global investors. This will raise the standard of product assortment, ability to prevent risk, information technology and support market promotion and regulation.

Xu believes that China’s gold market should be the first class in the international gold market. China is fully qualified and may become the world gold market’s most important player.

When talking about the Shanghai Gold Exchange international board, Xu said that early interaction is very good with very good momentum. Many commercial banks, industrial enterprises and investment institutions all expressed interest in the international board.

Shanghai Gold Exchange International Board Another Blow To US Dollar

As we can see power shifting from West to East on a daily basis at the current time of writing, in the fourth quarter of this year the Shanghai Gold Exchange (SGE) will launch an international board in the Shanghai Free Trade Zone (FTZ) for investors worldwide to trade gold spot contracts denominated in renminbi. The purpose being is becoming not only the world’s primary physical gold market but also increase pricing power and internationalize the renminbi.

Shortlist of recent developments regarding the rising powers in the East:

Russia’s central bank bought 28 metric tonnes of gold in April

Russia set up a Euarsian Economic union with Belarus and Kazakhstan

Russia dumps record amounts of US treasuries

Russia closes an energy deal with China worth $400 billion (amongst 40 other business contracts)

Putin says Russia and China need to secure their gold and currency reserves

China openly calls for de-Americanization of the world

China, Russia, Iran and 21 other countries bolster cooperation to promote peace, security and stability in Asia

China is buying assets all over the globe and investing in infrastructure in Africa and West Asia

China is importing unprecedented amounts of physical gold

The SGE international board will be another blow to the US dollar hegemony, as more people around the world will hold renminbi, use the renminbi for trading gold and China wil have more power in pricing gold, though the international board’s pricing power can only be wholly exploited when the renminbi is fully convertible.

A Provisional Introduction To The Shanghai Gold Exchange International Board

Currently I don’t have any official documentation on the launch of the SGE international board, but by reading media (one, two) and from a source in the mainland, this is what I understand of it at this point: China’s central bank, the Peoples Bank Of China, has given approval to the SGE to set up a subsidiary company called the Shanghai International Gold Trading Center to operate the international board. The SGE is currently working on member recruiting, including commercial banks, gold producing companies and investment funds. Allegedly HSBC, ANZ, Standard Bank, Standard Chartered and Bank of Nova Scotia are to take part in the global trading platform.

Imported gold into the FTZ can be deposited in a brand new 1000 tonnes vault, after contracts are settled the gold can be delivered in this vault and withdrawn to be re-exported. Shanghai to become an international warehouse center. At first only spot contracts will be traded on the SGE international board, down the line derivatives will be launched. From Chinese state TV network CCTV:

The Shanghai FTZ can be considered as a Customs Specially Supervised Area, which I have written about extensively on these pages. Gold imported into the FTZ is not allowed to enter the Chinese marketplace without a PBOC permit. A Chinese trader in the mainland can not sell its physical gold to an international trader, for which it would be exported out of the mainland. To export gold out of the mainland there is a PBOC permit required. From what I’ve read, The structure of the Chinese domestic physical gold market will remain in tact after the launch of the SGE international board. Source

A free trade zone (FTZ), also called foreign-trade zone, formerly free port is an area within which goods may be landed, handled, manufactured or reconfigured, and re-exported without the intervention of the customs authorities. Only when the goods are moved to consumers within the country in which the zone is located do they become subject to the prevailing customs duties.

 

SGE Chairman to Lead The Way

The chairman of the SGE is Xu Luode, who is former President of China Unionpay, a bankcard association established under the approval of the State Council and the People’s Bank of China. Xu already gained experience at Unionpay to lead a financial institution overseas. In 2010 Xu delivered a speech on how Chinese financial institutions can go global at the Lujiazui Forum, an important Chinese forum for policy makers on the rapid expansion of China’s financial market and China’s growing influence on the global economy. Now Xu will use his experience to open up the SGE to the world. From China Unionpay in 2010:

On June 26, Xu Luode, President of China Unionpay, was invited to attend the “Lujiazui Forum 2010,” …President Xu Luode delivered a speech on How Chinese Financial Institutions Can Go Global during the Post-crisis Era. New changes in the international economic pattern, especially the financial pattern, provided significant opportunities for Chinese financial institutions to go global, while the challenges were also formidable. Chinese institutions need strategy and holistic knowledge to promote globalization strategy prudently and steadily and successfully grow to be international corporations, expressed President Xu Luode in his speech.

President Xu Luode emphasized in his speech that the internationalization of an enterprise was not only the business behaviour of the enterprise itself, but should be also closely linked with national strategy and strategies of relevant enterprises. Since 2004, CUP’s internationalization has closely coordinated with the “reaching out” strategy of the country, and at the same time cooperates and interacts with the expanding of Chinese financial institutions and the internationalization of the Chinese Renminbi, thus achieving relatively rapid development.

Was Xu appointed as SGE chairman in October 2013 to launch the SGE international board? Who knows

Heraeus Precious Metals Sales Director Kevin Crisp visits SGE Chairman Xu Luode, 2014
One of the largest gold refineries Heraeus Precious Metals’ sales director Kevin Crisp visits SGE Chairman Xu Luode, February 18, 2014

On may 15, 2014, Xu attended the fourth Commercial Bank Gold Investment Forum in Hangzhou. Based on three sources mentioned above (translated by Soh Tiong Hum) he made the following statements:

The Chinese gold market is an important force, a positive energy in the international gold market but its influence does not correspond to its mass and scale. Last year China’s domestic gold mines produced 428 tonnes; at the same time China imported 1540 tonnes of gold, adding up to nearly 2000 tonnes. China’s import volume is significant but China’s influence on the price of gold is very small. Real influence still lies in the West. Data such as Non-farm payroll, or even a speech could impact the gold market in a big way. In this sense, the mass and scale of China’s gold market and its influence in the international gold market does not match. Through the SGE international board Chinese pricing power will increase.

Foreign investors can directly use offshore yuan to trade gold on the SGE international board, which is promoting the internationalization of the renminbi. The international board will form a yuan-denominated gold price index system named “Shanghai Gold”. Shanghai Gold will change the current gold market “consumption in the East priced in the West” situation. When China will have a right to speak in the international gold market, pricing will get revealed. New York prices gold through bidding whereas the gold price is fixed by five banks in London. However the London gold fixing price is now being questioned since these five banks are price-fixers while at the same time they are also the market’s most important participants.

The development of China’s gold market is not limited to an increase in scale but a series of moves including market development, product improvement, system development and risk prevention. Marketing, pricing mechanisms and international standards are all very important building blocks so every aspect of China’s gold market should join forces to speed up development.

The Shanghai Gold Exchange has nearly 8,000 institutional investors and nearly 5 million individual investors.

The International board will be a platform with global investors. This will raise the standard of product assortment, ability to prevent risk, information technology and support, market promotion and regulation. China is fully qualified and may become the world gold market’s very important first class player.

Regional commercial banks should seize the trends and opportunities in the development of China’s gold market, and become actively involved in the market.

As you may remember Malca-Amit opened a 2000 tonnes gold vault, their biggest vault on the planet, in the Shanghai Free Trade Zone in November 2013. Of course they knew Shanghai was to become to center of the global gold market (why else build such a big vault?). I think Malca-Amit has a lot of market intelligence as many bullion banks and other market participants are their clients. If a part of the Malca-Amit vault in Shanghai is designated to the SGE I don’t know at this moment. The following video is from November 2013:

Though we’ll have to wait for the details on how the SGE international board will exactly operate in a few months, it’s influence on the global gold market will be significant and this will further deteriorate the status of the US dollar hegemony.

SGE foreign exchange gold system