Tag Archives: Investment Precious Metals

Investing in the Noble Metal of Platinum

Along with gold and silver, platinum is a recognized investment precious metal which is fabricated in the form of high quality bullion bars and bullion coins by some of the world's leading precious metals refineries and mints.

Importantly, as a recognized investment precious metal, platinum bars and platinum coins from these refineries and mints are exempt from Singapore's Good and Services Tax (GST). This means that there is no GST to pay when you buy platinum bars and coins from BullionStar in Singapore.

Platinum's High Intrinsic Value

Like gold, platinum is relatively scarce and has a relatively high intrinsic value and market value. And like gold and silver, platinum also has many industrial and technological applications. Platinum's value is thus based on a combination of its scarcity of supply and also on its physical and chemical properties. These properties in turn drive the diverse global demand sources for platinum across sectors such as the automotive, industrial and jewelry industries in addition to the investment sector.

For example, platinum has well-known catalytic properties which allow it to speed up chemical reactions without it being altered in the process. Hence platinum is used in autocatalysts, in the chemical industry and in fuel cells. Platinum is also a very strong attractive metal that does not corrode and that is both ductile and malleable, hence it is a very popular precious metal in the jewelry industry. Since platinum is resistant to corrosion and oxidation, it is classified, along with a small number of other metallic elements, as a noble metal.

Platinum - A Noble Metal
Platinum - A Noble Metal

Platinum is a relatively scarce metal in the earth's crust and even rarer than gold. In contrast to gold, annual platinum supply and platinum demand is far lower than annual supply and demand in the gold market. According to Thomson Reuters GFMS, supply of platinum in 2016 totaled 7661,000 ozs (238 tonnes) of which 188 tonnes came from platinum mining with a further 50 tonnes was derived from autocatalyst and platinum jewellery scrap recycling.

Within platinum extraction and mining, over 70% of global mine supply comes from South Africa, with a further 12% from Russia, 7% from North America, and the remaining 10 - 11% from elsewhere. South Africa's dominance of global platinum supply is also evident in the composition of the recently established World Platinum Investment Council (WPIC) which is a platinum investing advocacy association founded by six South African platinum mining companies, namely Anglo-American, Lonmin, Implats, Aquarius, Northam, and Royal Bafokeng.

On a country specific basis, platinum mining's concentration in a handful of countries can sometimes set up supply shocks, for example, platinum mining strikes in South Africa or geo-political risks/sanctions concerning Russia. These shocks can at times affect platinum prices to the upside.

On the demand side, according to GFMS, autocatalysts are the largest global demand driver for platinum. For example, autocatalysts accounted for 102 tonnes of platinum demand in 2016 followed by jewellery (68 tonnes) and other industrial applications (57 tonnes), with investment (bars, coins and platinum-backed Exchange Traded Funds) accounting for the remaining 16.8 tonnes.

Note that in its pure form, platinum is available as platinum grains (used in the jewelry sector) and as platinum sponge (used in industrial applications) in addition to platinum bars and coins. However, other forms of platinum are designed for further onward processing and should not be confused with investment-grade platinum. For investment and storage purposes, refineries and mints will always produce platinum in the form of platinum bars and platinum coins, and furthermore, only bars and coins from recognized refineries and mints can be classified as investment precious metals and be exempt from Goods and Services Tax (GST).

Heraeus Minted Platinum Bars
Heraeus Minted Platinum Bars

Singapore GST Exemption for Investment Platinum Bars and Coins

Since October 2012, the Singaporean Government has exempted Investment Precious Metals (IPM) from Singapore's Goods and Services Tax (GST). To qualify as IPM, precious metals must be in the form of a bar, ingot, wafer or coin which meets specific criteria. Platinum bars qualify as IPM in Singapore if the platinum bar has a platinum purity of at least 99%, can be traded on an international bullion market, and is produced by a platinum refiner listed on the current or former Good Delivery list of the London Platinum and Palladium Market (LPPM).

The LPPM is a London-based trade association for the global wholesale platinum and palladium markets. There are currently more than 30 refineries on the current LPPM Good Delivery List for Platinum including such refineries as Heraeus of Germany, Johnson Matthey of the UK, and the four large Swiss precious metals refineries Argor-Heraeus, PAMP, Valcambi, and Metalor.

Investment grade platinum bars produced by accredited refiners will generally carry the name of the refiner or refiner stamp or brand on the bar. If a refinery has the LPPM accreditation, the Singaporean IPM rules assume that the refinery's bars are capable of being traded on an international bullion market. Some platinum bars may in turn bear the name of a specific bank such as Credit Suisse or UBS. These bars are known as bank-branded bars and these bars also qualify as IPM if produced by a refiner on the LPPM Good Delivery List.

For platinum coins, a GST exemption applies if the coin is a bullion coin, has a platinum purity of at least 99%, and is listed on the GST schedule list of qualifying coins. Qualifying platinum coins include:

  • Royal Mint Platinum Canadian Maple Leaf
  • US Mint Platinum American Eagle
  • Austrian Mint Platinum Philharmonic
  • Perth Mint Platinum Platypus and Platinum Koala
  • Royal Mint Platinum Britannia, Platinum Lunar and Platinum Queens Beast

Physical platinum investment bars and coins are very popular in markets such as the US, Japan, China and the rest of Asia, and the market is a growing one on the back of the existing popularity of high quality platinum jewelry in these markets.

Platinum Bullion Bars

BullionStar's range of investment grade platinum bars is extensive and features platinum bars in a number of weights from the world's most prestigious platinum refineries. All platinum bars offered by BullionStar are exempt from Singapore's Goods and Services Tax as all bars have a platinum purity of 99.95% and are fabricated by platinum refineries such as Valcambi of Switzerland, Heraeus of Germany, and Argor-Heraeus of Switzerland. All of these refineries are listed on the current LPPM Good Delivery List for Platinum and additionally all of these refineries are also full members of the LPPM. Popular weights for platinum bars stocked by BullionStar include 1 kilogram, 500 grams, 100 grams and 1 oz.

Credit Suisse minted Platinum bar
Credit Suisse minted Platinum bar

For example, Valcambi produces a 1 oz minted platinum bar which is presented in its own secure blister pack which doubles as the bar's assay card. The Heraeus refinery of Germany produces minted platinum bars in a range of weights from a 100 gram minted platinum bar, through 500 gram minted platinum bars, and up to a 1 kilogram platinum bar. Swiss refiner Argor-Heraeus, now fully owned by Heraeus of Germany, fabricates its own minted platinum bars with the distinctive Argor-Heraeus logo, for example the Argor-Heraeus 1 kilogram minted platinum bar.

BullionStar at times also carries bank-branded platinum bars, such as a Credit Suisse 100 gram platinum bar which has been produced by Swiss refiner Valcambi on behalf of the Swiss Bank Credit Suisse. These platinum bars are also GST exempt in Singapore as they have been fabricated by a refiner, Valcambi, which is on the LPPM Good Delivery List for Platinum. Valcambi has in the past had a very close connection with Credit Suisse and was at various stages both fully-owned and partially owned by Credit Suisse.

Platinum Bullion Coins

Most of the world's best-known national precious metals mints produce a bullion coin in pure platinum. These include platinum coins from the Royal Canadian Mint (RCM), Austrian Mint, US Mint, and the Perth Mint. All of these mints are fully owned by their respective national governments and all of these mints stand over the authenticity and quality of their bullion coin products.

Some platinum bullion coins are produced every year, and some are produced with more sporadic production runs. Many of the bullion platinum coins offered by BullionStar are in similar designs to their gold and silver coin counterparts and are issued in the convenient and standard 1 ounce weight. All of these platinum bullion coins are also legal tender (non-circulating) in their countries of issue.

For example, the Royal Canadian Mint produces a 1 ounce Platinum Maple Leaf with the distinctive maple leaf design. This design will be familiar to investors in the Royal Canadian Mint's Gold Maple Leaf and Silver Maple Leaf coins. RCM Platinum Maple Leafs are produced on an annual basis, including the years 2018, 2017, and 2016.

Royal Canadian Mint 1 oz platinum Maple Leaf
Royal Canadian Mint 1 oz platinum Maple Leaf

The Austrian Mint also issues a 1 oz Platinum Philharmonic bullion coin each year which is intricately designed with highly-stylized motifs celebrating the world-famous Vienna Philharmonic orchestra.

Those who invest in silver and gold Eagle bullion coins from the US Mint will also be interested in the US Mint's flagship 1 oz Platinum Eagle bullion coin which is handsomely designed with imagery of the Statue of Liberty and a soaring American Eagle. The Platinum Eagle, which was first released in 1997, is the only platinum coin ever officially issued by the US, and has the highest face value (US $100) ever to appear on any US coin.

The Perth Mint's has produced a number of platinum bullion coins over the years although not in all sequential years. From 1988 to 2000, the Perth Mint issued a Platinum Koala bullion coin in a number of weight denominations. Then in 2011, the Mint began issuing its flagship 1 oz Australian Platypus Platinum coin. Production of the Platypus Platinum coin continued until 2017 when it was superseded by the Perth Mint's Australian Platinum Kangaroo coin 1 oz bullion coin.

Another option offered by BullionStar for those who wish to begin saving and investing in platinum is the Bullion Savings Program (BSP). With BullionStar's BSP, customers purchase grams of platinum, gold or silver which are fully-backed by physical precious metals held in BullionStar's stock inventory. These metal grams are available for a low price premium and low spread and are therefore a cost-efficient way to begin saving in precious metals. The metal grams can also be converted in precious metals bars once sufficient grams have been accumulated.

For example, with the Platinum Bullion Savings Program,  customers can purchase grams of platinum that are fully backed by platinum held in BullionStar's inventory. BSP platinum grams have a low-cost storage fee, and can be converted into 1 kg Heraeus Platinum bars at no extra cost. These bars can then be held by customers in BullionStar's Vault Storage, or physically withdrawn and delivered. Alternatively, investors in BSP platinum grams can sell their platinum grams back to BullionStar at any time.

Customer Order Number 100,000 at BullionStar

As part of its continued growth and success, BullionStar has recently fulfilled its order number: 100,000. To mark this significant milestone, BullionStar issued a 2.5 gram PAMP Gold Bar to the lucky BullionStar customer in question. The customer order was placed by Mr. Ito from Japan, who was on holiday recently in Singapore with his wife when he visited BullionStar's shop and showroom in central Singapore.

Mr. Ito said he was delighted with the PAMP gold bar prize and commented that he was very lucky on what was his first visit to BullionStar. He also returned the following day to make further purchases. Mr. Ito also liked the easy to locate BullionStar showroom, the competitive bullion prices, and the fact that the many bullion display cases make comparisons easy when selecting products.

BullionStar COO, Mr Luke Chua, presents a PAMP gold bar to Mr. Ito of Japan who placed order number 100,000 with BullionStar.

Established in 2012

This latest milestone is one of a continuing series of notable milestones for BullionStar since its establishment in Singapore 6 years ago. During this time BullionStar has gone from strength to strength and is now firmly established as the best bullion dealer in Singapore and the Asian region, as evidenced by BullionStar recently winning Bullion Directory's bullion dealer of the year award, as well as one of the most recognised bullion dealers internationally with customers from over 100 countries around the world.

Upon establishment in 2012, BullionStar's offices were initially located in the Marina Bay Financial Centre in the downtown Central Business District (CBD) of Singapore. Prior to 2012, BullionStar's founders were already familiar with the bullion dealer sector having set up several bullion dealers such as the Swedish company Liberty Silver AB. 

BullionStar's launch in Singapore in 2012 came as the Singaporean Government introduced a Goods and Services Tax (GST) exemption on transactions in investment precious metals (IPM). The GST exemption on IPM means that any time customers purchase qualifying bullion bars and bullion coins from BullionStar, the prices paid are free of GST, since there is no sales tax to pay. Other compelling reasons for establishing a bullion and storage operation in Singapore included the fact that Singapore is one of the safest countries in the world and has a stable jurisdiction, a strong rule of law, no reporting requirements on any bullion transactions, and a government which supports the growth and development of the bullion industry.

BullionStar's philosophy as a leading bullion dealer is grounded in innovation, internationalization, and constant evolution, both in-store and on-line. In January 2013, BullionStar launched its fully-transactional online trading platform, allowing customers around the world to buy and sell precious metals bars and coins at the click of a button on the BullionStar.com website.

In July 2014, BullionStar opened its current shop, showroom and integrated vault in central Singapore at 45 New Bridge Road, adjacent to both Clarke Quay MRT, and Singapore's Central Business District (CBD), as well as less than minutes walk from Singapore's Chinatown. This spacious showroom, with over 20 display cases, allows customers to browse and purchase a huge variety of gold bars, silver bars, gold coins and silver coins from the world's leading precious metals mints and refineries.

With BullionStar's secure precious metals vault integrated into the shop and showroom, customer purchase orders for precious metals can be immediately dispatched in the shop, and customers can also view and audit their precious metals holdings held in storage in the vault.

The Widest Range of Precious Metals Products

BullionStar now stocks one of the widest ranges of precious metals bullion products in the world, sourced from all of the world's leading precious metals mints and refineries, with over 600 different products across 10 product categories. These products include gold bullion coins and silver bullion coins from leading national mints such as the Royal Canadian Mint, US Mint, Perth Mint, Royal Mint and Austrian Mint, coins such as Gold and Silver Maple Leafs, Gold and Silver Eagles, and Gold and Silver Kangaroos. BullionStar's wide range of gold bars and silver bars is sourced from prestigious precious metals refineries such as Heraeus of Germany, PAMP and Argor-Heraeus of Switzerland, and from national mints such as the Perth Mint and the Royal Canadian Mint.

Gold Kilobars
PAMP Gold Kilobars available from BullionStar

In 2015, BullionStar also launched it's now very popular BullionStar branded gold bar and silver bar range. These products, the BullionStar 100 gram Gold Bar, produced by Argor-Heraeus of Switzerland, and the BullionStar 1kg Silver Bar, produced by Heraeus of Germany, can be traded without any spread between the buy price and the sell price.

As well as the comprehensive range of gold, silver and platinum bullion bars and coins, BullionStar also stocks a wide selection of gold and silver collectible and numismatic coins, a range of gold bullion jewelry, and a wide array of coin related products for storing and correctly handling and displaying your precious metals coins and bars.

Secure Storage in one of the Safest Countries in the World

BullionStar provides full service operations in all aspects of bullion sales, storage and other services. Opening a BullionStar account can be undertaken in a matter of minutes, and purchasing bullion either in the shop and showroom or online on the BullionStar website is a simple and intuitive process. Customers purchasing precious metals bars or coins can opt to pick up their purchases in person, have their products delivered to their address, or have their precious metals stored in BullionStar's secure vault facility which is integrated into the shop and showroom premises.

BullionStar's secure precious metals storage solution goes far beyond just storage of precious metals as it provides full online control allowing customers to buy, sell, physically withdraw or physically audit their bullion at any time. With Bullionstar's Vault Storage, customers can generate vault certificates online, view pictures of stored bullion, generate a live audit report of metal that they hold in storage, and view certificates evidencing vault insurance.

Metal grams held in vault storage through the BullionStar Savings Programs (BSP) can also be converted into either gold bars, silver bars or platinum bars, and can then either be held in storage or withdrawn and delivered.

Consistently Profitable and Strong Revenue Growth

Although the precious metals markets are at time opaque and closed to transparent information flow, BullionStar pursues a policy of transparency and openness as regards its operations, financial results and investor relations. BullionStar publishes highlights of its annual performance on its website with full commentary and infographic analysis. Customers therefore have visibility around BullionStar's revenues and product mix and can be confident about the company's financial standing and stability.

It's notable that BullionStar has grown revenues strongly in every financial year of operations. BullionStar's financial year (FY) runs to 30 June each year. In FY 2014, BullionStar recorded revenues of SGD 44.1 million. For FY 2015, revenues grew 43.8% to SGD 63.4 million. Revenues then almost doubled year-on-year  in FY 2016, rising to SGD 129.2. For the latest financial year, FY 2017, BullionStar recorded revenues of SGD 174.7 million, which was 35.2% higher than FY 2016.

This very strong and solid revenue growth means that BullionStar revenues have more than quadruped between FY 2014 and FY 2017, growing by a staggering 422% over that time. This revenue growth is a testament to strong and loyal customer order growth and underpins the growth and stability of BullionStar's operations over the period since its inception.

Order Number: 100,000 

Recognition, Media Interest, and Research and Analysis

In another sign of BullionStar's continued growth and recognition, this year BullionStar won the inaugural award of "Bullion Dealer of the Year" Rest of World category in The Bullion Directory's annual bullion awards. These awards are recognised and valued throughout the global bullion industry, and BullionStar secured its victory after nomination and public voting against many bullion dealers from across the globe.

Since its establishment, BullionStar's precious metals articles, blogs, research and infographics analysing the gold and silver markets have become well-known and highly-regarded around the world, with blogs and analysis from precious metals analysts such as Ronan Manly and Koos Jansen, and guest posts from renowned bloggers such as JP Koning. BullionStar aims to continue to lead the way in original precious metals documentation, views and commentary, and has developed sections of the BullionStar website including the educational Gold University and the topical in-house 'BullionStar Blogs' series of articles. BullionStar was also at the forefront in publishing original analysis about important gold markets such as the Chinese Gold Market, and stylish visual infographics on such topics as the London Gold Market.

BullionStar's articles and analysis are regular picked up and distributed on many other websites across the world, both by websites within the gold space and by more general financial and investment websites. BullionStar articles are also regularly translated into other languages and have been featured on sites as diverse as French, German, Spanish, Russian and Chinese language websites.

BullionStar is regularly quoted in the major financial media for views and commentary about the precious metals markets, and has been cited and quoted by such publications and websites as Reuters, Bloomberg, the Wall Street Journal, the Guardian, RT.com, Sputnik News,  Straits Times of Singapore, and CityWire Asia. BullionStar staff and analysts have also featured on Channel News Asia and Channel 8 News in Singapore, as well as Real Vision TV, and German TV network DAF. BullionStar also continues to produce its own series of video interviews which feature prominent members of the global precious metals markets such as legendary US investor Jim Rogers or prominent Canadian gold market entrepreneur Eric Sprott.

As well as a strong international customer base, BullionStar places particular emphasis on being international in outlook, and at times presents at events internationally such as FreedomFest in Las Vegas and attends precious metals events and exhibitions, such as the International Money Fair in Berlin. As one of the largest retail bullion dealers in Singapore, BullionStar now also contributes to assisting precious metals consultancies such as Thomson Reuters GFMS in gauging retail investment gold and silver demand in the Singaporean bullion market.

Payment Mechanisms Include Cryptocurrencies BTC, ETH, LTC and BCH

Payment mechanisms are also another area in which BullionStar aims to provide greater customer choice and continued innovation. As well as facilitating payments for precious metals purchases funded by bank transfer, NETS and Cheque, BullionStar also accepts 6 leading national cash currencies, namely the Singapore Dollar, US Dollar, Euro, Japanese Yen, Australian Dollar and Swedish Yen, and also four of the leading cryptocurrencies.

BullionStar began accepting Bitcoin as a payment method for precious metals in May 2014 and was one of the first bullion dealers worldwide to do so. In another first, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash and Litecoin have just been added to the list of leading cryptocurrencies which can be used to purchase precious metals at BullionStar, and with this move, BullionStar is one of the first bullion dealers worldwide to accept payment in each of BTC, ETH, BCH and LTC. Customers selling bullion to BullionStar can also opt to receive proceeds of sales in either Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin or Bitcoin.

In September 2015, with the introduction of a Stored Value Facility, BullionStar began offering customers the ability to keep funds on account in their BullionStar accounts in a similar way to a bank account. The facility also means that funding precious metals purchases can be undertaken instantly without needing to transfer funds in, and proceeds from precious metals sales can be kept on account until next needed.

As well as being able to purchase a wide variety of investment precious metals, BullionStar customers can also sell precious metals coins and bars, such as gold, to BullionStar. This can either be precious metal which customers hold in storage in BullionStar's secure vault and wish to sell, or else bars and coins which customers send to BullionStar or drop-in in person in the Singapore shop and showroom. Additionally, through the Gold Buyers brand launched by BullionStar in August 2013, BullionStar offers competitive prices for gold jewelry and precious metals scrap.

Having been awarded a Bullion Dealer of the Year award in 2018 via public voting in the Bullion Directory annual awards, and with strong revenue growth in every financial year since inception, BullionStar's milestone of order number 100,000 is again testament to its loyal and growing customer base both in Singapore and the Asian region, as well as across the precious metals community worldwide.