Ronan Manly
BullionStar Blogs

Ronan Manly

Venezuela says adiós to her gold reserves

Five months ago in my article "Venezuela’s Gold Reserves – Part 2: From Repatriation to Reactivation", I concluded that: "given the deteriorating state of Venezuela’s international finances and international reserves at the present time, it may be sooner rather than later before Venezuelan gold could be on the move again out of the country. One thing is for sure. Gold... Continue Reading

Central Banks’ secrecy and silence on gold storage arrangements

Whereas some central banks have become more forthcoming on where they claim their official gold reserves are stored (see my recent blog post 'Central bank gold at the Bank of England'), many of the world's central banks remain secretive in this regard, with some central bank staff saying that they are not allowed to provide this information, and some central banks just... Continue Reading

Central bank gold at the Bank of England

In a recent article, "How many Good Delivery gold bars are in all the London Vaults?….including the Bank of England vaults", I considered how much gold is actually in the London Gold Market, and highlighted how the amount of gold stored in the London wholesale market has fallen noticeably in recent years. That article highlighted that the amount of gold stored in custody... Continue Reading

Six months on ICE – The LBMA Gold Price

It's now been 6 months since the LBMA Gold Price auction, the much touted replacement to the London Gold Fixings, was launched on an ICE Benchmark Administration (IBA) platform on Friday 20 March 2015. For anyone not au fait with the gold price auction, the LBMA Gold Price is a twice daily auction that produces the world's most widely used gold price benchmark, which is... Continue Reading

How many Good Delivery gold bars are in all the London Vaults?….including the Bank of England vaults

Each year in June, the Bank of England publishes its annual report which quotes financial data up to the end of February (its financial year-end). The Bank's annual report also states the amount of gold, valued at a market price in Pounds sterling, that it holds under custody for its customers, which comprise central banks, international financial institutions, and LBMA member... Continue Reading

Moving the goalposts….The LBMA’s shifting stance on gold refinery production statistics

On Friday 31st July 2015, I released an article discussing the sale of Swiss gold refiner Valcambi to Indian jewellery company Rajesh Exports. In my report, in a section about Valcambi’s annual gold refining capacity, I made passing reference to 2013 gold refining production statistics that had been published by the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) on 1st May 2015.... Continue Reading

Swiss Gold Refineries and the sale of Valcambi

The normally low-key Swiss gold refining market has been thrown into the spotlight with the announcement that private company Valcambi, the world's largest gold refinery, is being acquired by Indian group Rajesh Exports Ltd (REL), the world's largest gold jewellery manufacturer. This acquisition is worth analysing for a number of reasons, namely will the Valcambi-Rajesh... Continue Reading

The pre-2015 London Gold Fixings – More technologically advanced than reported

The financial media has recently pitched the transition of the London daily gold fixings to an ICE Benchmark Administration (IBA) platform as a quantum leap from an antiquated Victorian-era process to a futuristic 21st century electronic auction. For example, the Wall Street Journal recently said that: "Four of the banks...had participated in the conference call used... Continue Reading

The funding model of the World Gold Council: GLD Fees and Gold Miner Dues

In a little noticed development at the end of March 2015, World Gold Council (WGC) member company Newcrest Mining of Australia ceased to be a member of the WGC, thereby reducing the Council's membership from 19 to 18 gold mining companies. Newcrest Mining is one of the world's largest gold mining companies and Australia's largest gold miner. This exit by Newcrest Mining... Continue Reading

US National Archives web site releases diplomatic cables from 1978

The US National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has just released a new batch of diplomatic cables from the year 1978, which can be searched and browsed via the Access to Archival Databases (AAD) website at http://aad.archives.gov/aad/. These batches of cables are variously known as "State Department Cables", "Diplomatic Records" or "Central Foreign Policy... Continue Reading

Venezuela’s Gold Reserves – Part 2: From Repatriation to Reactivation

This is Part 2 of a two-part series. Part 1, titled "Venezuela’s Gold Reserves – Part 1: El Oro, El BCV, y Los Bancos de Lingotes", provided a historical overview of Venezuela’s gold and looked at where the gold, and the claims on gold, were located just prior to repatriation in 2011, especially the gold held abroad. Part 1 was necessary so as to set the scene for... Continue Reading

Venezuela’s Gold Reserves – Part 1: El Oro, El BCV, y Los Bancos de Lingotes

Venezuela's gold reserves have rarely stayed out of the financial news headlines over the last four years. From initial gold repatriation announcements in August 2011, through to gold shipments from Europe to Venezuela's capital, Caracas, in late 2011 and early 2012, as well as the more recent negotiations on using gold in swaps and for loan collateral, the Venezuelan gold... Continue Reading

El Salvador’s gold reserves, the BIS, and the bullion banks

According to a Reuters report from 24 April, the central bank of El Salvador, Banco Central de Reserva de El Salvador (BCR), sold approximately 80% of its gold reserves during March 2015. This sale comprised 5.412 tons of gold and raised $206 million for the Bank. Reuters initiated its story based on updates to the International Monetary Fund’s gold reserve data, which... Continue Reading

The IMF’s Gold Depositories – Part 3, Gold Swaps and the Quality of the IMF Gold

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is authorized to use its gold holdings to engage in gold location swaps and has done so frequently in the past. This has involved gold location swaps with the entities who maintain the gold vaults where the IMF stores its gold, such as the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the Bank of England and the Banque de France, and also other... Continue Reading
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